This movement was dominant during the mid 18th century to the end of 19th century. It is based on the art of ancient Rome and Greece. The term neoclassicism is sometimes used for 'classical revival in modern time'. It is associated with the art of antiquity- harmony, clarity, restraint, universality and idealism. Followers of neoclassicism relinquished Barouqe and Rococo, and had a desire to return to the perceived "purity" of the arts of Rome. In contast to Baroque and Rococo, neoclassic paintings have very strong colors.

A very outstanding neoclassical building is Somerset House in central London. The central block is a project by the architect Sir William Chamber, date 1776-96.

Eventhough neoclassicism was popular throughout 19th century, the era Age of Enlightenment saw a turn of Romanticism by the end of the century.

File:Somerset House.jpg
Somerset House


In the early 1700's Rococo supplanted the Baroque style. Rococo is much fancier than Baroque. It's signified by shell-like curves and much decorations. Rococo followers like "beauty"; silk, silver and porcelain.

In England, Rococo was always thought of as the French taste, and was never widely adopted as an architectual style. Nevertheless, William Hogarth helped develop a theoretical foundation for Rococo beauty. Though it does not refer to the movement he argued in his Analysis of Beauty (1753) that the S-curve (e.g the arm and leg of a woman, clouds...), which was prominent i Rococo, was the basis of grace and beauty in art or nature (unlike the straight line in classicism).

Rococo didn't last long, it was exceeded in the middle of the century by the formalis and balance of neoclassicism.

File:Thomas Gainsborough 008.jpg
Thomas Gainsborough, Portrait of Jonathan Buttall, 1770.


Barouqe forms were still popular in the beginning of the century (as they would also be in the end). Baroque exemplified drama and grandeour. Baroque iconography was direct, simple, obvious and dramatic, it's a development from classical architecture. The Baroque period in Europe lasted from about 1600 to 1750 (From the Stuarts period to the Age of Enlightenment).

Baroque was designed to appeal the emotions rather than the intellect. Great Engish Barouqe architects : Christopher Wren, who, after the Great Fire of London, built over53 churches. He renovated the famous ST. Paul's Cathedral in English Baroque style.

Baroque started the era Age of Enlightenment, and was later supplanted by Rococo in the early 1700.

File:Rubens Adoration.jpg
Adoration by Peter Paul Ruben, 1624, oil on canvas.

The Tudors part 1.

I've now started to study a bit on the British history. I will start with the Tudors, I don't want to go any farther than the 15th Century, that's way too far back in the history for me.

So, the Tudors. A bit of short fact first : The Tudors, also known as The Glourious Period. It's in the 15th Century, the years 1485-1603.

The first tudorian king started his reign at 1485, and it was King Henry VII. He is not as famous as his son, but Henry the seventh was very important to the monarchy in Britain. He saved a lot of money, he had the same ideas and opinions as merchants and farmers. He believed war and glory was bad for business and that business was good for the state.

Henry VII made an important agreement one year after his victory at Bosworth in 1485. This agreement dealt with tradeing with the Netherlands, which allowed England to grow again. Henry was very fortunate and became the wealthiest of kings in English history. Henry VII died in 1509.

His son Henry VIII made the English Church truly English. He closed down 560 monasteries between 1536-1539. Leaving many monks and nuns as wanderings beggars on the street. But this was acctually a very important dissolution for the British. Henry VIII wanted to be famous among the arising classes of landowners and merchants, so he either gave away the old land or sold it very cheap. This lead to a big breakthruough for farmers, they made their fortune thanks to the stone from the monasterier and they could start sewing a lot on the land as well. In 1552 a new prayer book was introduced, just to make sure that all churches followed the new Protestant religion.

Henry VIII
But England continued being Protestant, even though the popular religion at that time was Catholic. This was thanks to many Acts of Parliament between 1532-1536. When Henry VII was lying on his deathbed he told his son to keep England Protestant, he very much did so.

Henry VIII was married six times, he wanted a male descend to the throne, which he didn't get until very late. He had a son, Edward VI in 1537. Henry VIII died in 1547. Edward VI didn't live for a very long time, he died at 16 years' of age. Edward VI was only a child when he became a king. So the country was at first ruled by a council which was created by the Tudors.

Mary, the Catholic daughter of Catherine Of Aragron, became queen in 1553. Mary died in 1558, her half-sister Elizabeth took over the throne.

Catherine of Aragorn

This is the end of part one. Enjoy!

New words.

Long time no seen... Isn't that what they say? Hm... Yes, it is. But now I'm back in the game again. And here are a few new words I've learned along the way.

Nugatory - Something with little value, or having no force. Can also mean trifling.
Withal - From "with all", meaning Nevertheless, In addition.
Pell-mell - Almost like the Swedish expression Huxflux.
Shilly-Shally - To hesitate, an hesitation.

Now you've got a few new words. I hope you study well ;)

This is what I've found so far...

Well, I can't really do this during my job... But this is more fun than to work... Haha! Enjoy!

Abode (plural abodes) Old English.(obsolete) Act of waiting; delay.

And with her fled away without abode.

Stay or continuance in a place; sojourn.

He waxeth at your abode here.

(slightly dated) Place of continuance, or where one dwells; abiding place; residence; a dwelling; a habitation.

Come, let me lead you to our poor abode.

to ameliorate
(third-person singular simple present ameliorates, present participle ameliorating, simple past and past participle ameliorated)(intransitive) To make better, to improve; to heal or solve a problem.
They offered some compromises in an effort to ameliorate the situation.

The act of reciting; the repetition of the words of another, or of a document; rehearsal; as, the recital of testimony.
A telling in detail and due order of the particulars of anything, as of a law, an adventure, or a series of events; narration.
That which is recited; a story; a narration.

(obsolete, of a weapon etc) sharp-pointed; keen
incisive; penetrating
His comments were poignant and witty

Paroxysm (plural paroxysms)
random or sudden outburst (of activity).
«There, on the soft sand, a few feet away from our elders, we would sprawl all morning, in a petrified paroxysm of desire, and take advantage of every blessed quirk in space and time to touch each other [...] » - Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita, 1955
A sudden recurrence of a disease.

Unable to be persuaded: relentless
Impossible to stop or prevent: inevitable

(plural dirges)
A mournful poem or piece of music composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person

Words are good for you!

Noun: A slip of the tongue (or pen) that reveals the unconscious mind.
Feels Freudian... =)

I've been reading Frankenstein for some time now, I can't through it. In many ways, I don't understand the book, and I can't finish it. I don't have time and I don't find the book that interesting either. I've cirkled words I don't understand in the book, and found out that many words are very Old English. I should, by now, know O.E since I've read Shakespear, Austen and Bronte... I've also studied History of English, but there are many words I still don't understand. But it's for me to find out, right?!

Some words from the 19th Century's classic:
Either I don't know the words, or I can't describe them for my pupils which I must need to know. How else could I become a good teacher? If you know the words, please tell me! And if you've read the book we could have a book discussion.


One word a day!

Keeps the Doc away, right?! I need to improve my vocabulary before this autumn, I should have started a long time ago though... But, well, here we go!

Meaning : The misuse of words.

catachresis (plural catachreses)

The misuse of words; applying a term to something which it should not properly desribe.

Don't really  know when I will use this word. Maybe I could say catachresis when I've said another English word wrong so I can make up my mistake! haha...

I got an email from Dave today, I was delighted! Haven't heard from him in a while, so now I know he is still alive! I want to visit him, I'm so curious to see how he lives! Imagine, going to California! Visiting the best gay man in the world! The sun. The beaches. The Hispanics. The atmosphere. The culture, a.k.a the melting pot! =) I would just love it!!

Right, now I got to get back to my job - my unpaid job. Lucky me!

Tired of it at the moment

Yepp, would like the VFU to end now. I'm quiet tired of it at the moment, one would think I would be used to it by now. But no. I'm always tired and stressed. And always after my VFU-periods I always feel like I don't want to become a teacher. I would much rather like to be a journalist, or something like it. Mm, a guide. Or an intepreter. But not a teacher, who in the world does really want to become a teacher? To work waaay too many hours, get a lousy salary, annoying kids who are unthankful and ungrateful. Who whants that? For real? I don't. 

Christ, annoying.

Went to Kärstin and Stig's place yesterday before I picked up Phoenix again. Kärstin told me to "hang in there" and that I should not give up. Was like if she could read my mind. Always wondered if she has a weird sixth sense. She always knew when I was lying when I lived with them. But it was nice to meet them again. They gave me food. Nice of them!

Phoenix is fine. She licks her stomache and tries to bite of the stiches, so I have to look after her the whole time. Michael took care of her while I was in Nyköping. Now both of them are sleeping. And I'm sitting by the computer trying to plan for this week. Teachers really have to have a creative mind. Didn't believe that when I went to school. But I didn't find my teachers boring either (with a few exceptions).

Heard a song on the radio a couple of days ago. Can't remeber the artist or the rest of the lyrics, but I fell for a sentence: "I don't want to turn my life around, I like it upside-down". Thought it was cute.

The weather forecast for the weekend is supposed to be "Mediterranian-wise". Would be great if we could hang in Folkparken and play some brännboll, and Kubb. Maybe also have a barbecue?

Well, I'm off planning! See ya!

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